Sydney, Manly and surroundings

Gallery

For the best part of three days I hovered around Manly, only heading into Sydney central once.  That latter venture was under a bad hangover and feeling as rough as a goat’s knee.  I’m a lightweight when it comes to alcohol and hadn’t has a night out in many months!  A small boy’s night out, Craig, his brother Gavin and I…great to get out even with the following days consequences 😊.  Catching up on writing dominated many of my days.  Thinking about how much I’ve still to write I shudder…9 months’ worth (writing this from San Francisco).

Given that my activity after Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge was sporadic at best, this post will be a jumble.  Below is a mix of days, including my usual walking…lots of walking and a drive about with Craig and Alie as my guide.  For all the reasons I’ve mentioned forgive me for the lack of excitement and adventure in the post.  Without further ado, let me commence with my last instalment of Sydney, followed by my first trip to Christchurch, New Zealand.

My thoughts on Manly 

No wonder Manly has become a sought-after area over the past 15 years.  Regular ferries from Circular Quay (Sydney CBD) to Manly Wharf get you to and from in 30 minutes, a scenic route too!  For what you get, property prices are eye popping high!  This hasn’t deterred a wave of people moving to the area, keeping its charm and family orientation.  Early evenings have a community feel, with all ages enjoying the Wharf or Manly Beach.  From friends having beer, to families picnicking or just watching the sea and beautiful setting.  As my time in Sydney passed it reinforced exactly why so many of my friends and family have moved to Australia.

Manly has a distinctly different feel to Sydney CBD even with its close proximity.  Like a small beach town, it centres around the boulevard between Manly Wharf and Manly Beach.  For such a small place it has a large variety in restaurants, coffee shops, many offering organic produce only.  On the weekends there is a small market near the boulevard.  Selling home-wares and produce just to add to the “village” feel.  Manly is populated with 1930’s-1970’s houses and apartments and roads lined with large trees.  I can imagine the place would have been dreary some years back before the frequent ferry connection to Sydney’s CBD.  These days Manly’s old properties with their large rooms are highly sought commodities.  Given the village feel, access to many beautiful beaches, family centric, located to many nature walks and quick link to Sydney’s CBD…it’s no wonder Manly has become such an attractive spot.

Manly

Cabbage Tree Bay by Manly Wharf. A real family orientated place – Sydney

Another thing that surprised me about Manly, it’s very cosmopolitan.  Craig and I walked along the promenade a few times, sat chatting by Manly Wharf, had a stroll with some of his friends on Many Beach.  Every time you’d hear accents for around the globe.  Contrary to my stereotyping of places that have a village feel, Manly has an eclectic population.  From British, Brazilian, South African, French, Italian, Spanish, Kiwi, Portuguese, German, USA and of course locals.  Listening as people passed by, you could be mistaken for being in London, New York or Paris.  Here, people from all around the world enjoy the easy-going nature of Manly positioned perfectly between city, nature and beaches.

Sydney

A perfect picnicking spot on North Head with Sydney in the distance

Sydney

Taken from North Head a solitary sailing boat with Hornby Lighthouse just visible behind and to the right – Sydney

Manly

Sunset from North Head – Manly, Sydney

Q Station Sydney Harbour National Park

South East of Manly is Q Station Sydney Harbour National Park.  Along with great views of the city, especially at sunset, it has superb views of the hundreds of coves.  You can take a drive around or do one of the many purpose-built walks – for short to about 10km…and it’s safe.  Now a serene natural area, Q Station Sydney Harbour National Park (quite a mouth full of a name!) has an interesting and checkered and past.  What is now Quarantine Beach, is where some of the earliest contact and “constructive” interaction with Aboriginal clans occurred.

If suspected of carrying a contagious disease/s, ships arriving in Sydney were quarantined (with or without reason). Interestingly the word “quarantine” originates from the Italian words “quaranta giorni” meaning “forty days”.  This term of “forty days” started in Venice in the 14th century; ships sailing from plague affected destinations were ordered to anchor offshore for 40 days, only then were they allowed to disembark or offload.

Manly

Part of the Q Station Sydney Harbour National Park. There are plenty of purpose build pathways putting you right in the thick of nature – Manly, North Head

Manly

Still part of the Q Station Sydney Harbour National Park. Shelly Beach below and Manly beach in the distance – Manly, Sydney

Quarantine Head was the longest continuous quarantine station in Australia, for 154 years (1830 – 1984).  Seems this modus operandi has continued somewhat with their airport staff…anyone who’s been to Australia may be able to relate.  Anyway, I walked around the circumference passing Cannae Point, Quarantine Head, North Head, Blue Fish Point and Shelley Headland Upper Lookout. If I saw something interesting, I headed inland, returning to the path.

Without doubt you could spend many days exploring the area.  From indigenous rock carvings (now in perilous danger of being lost to the elements), a museum (North Fort Artillery Museum), the army barracks and old military defences dating back to 1870.  During the 1930’s and into WWII Sydney’s fortifications were drastically bolstered.  North Head was a strategic defence point hence the military barracks and dense scattering of gun and cannon points.  There are tours of military tunnels, I didn’t partake I was content with meandering about taking in the sites.  I, like most of the people I encountered during my walk, where there just for the fresh air, nature and scenery.

Manly

Along the pathway of the Q Station Sydney Harbour National Park near Shelly Headland Upper Lookout. I think the latter is the cliff up on the right. – Manly, Sydney

Manly

Cabbage Tree Bay Aquatic Reserve right next to Manly Beach

Meeting up with an old work colleague

Knowing many people in a city/town is frustrating when you have limited time (you’re on holiday and they are working doesn’t help either).  That, along with visiting whilst others are working and busy with their day to day lives makes seeing people a challenge, sometimes impossible.  Nonetheless, I did manage to see a few people including an old colleague of mine from many years back when I worked in Kingston-upon-Thames.  Great to see Jesus Brillantes.  Though I was nursing a hangover and looking worse for wear, it was good catching up.  From his own recent challenges (brain tumour), he has recovered with an inspirational story, zest and insightful outlook on life – well done Jesus!

Sydney

My old work colleague Jesse with his cool dog Rafa. This is the morning after a big night out, I was feeling as rough as a goat’s knee. Great to see and old friend – Sydney

Sydney

St Mary’s Cathedral; founded in 1881, consecrated 1882, the naive was completed in 1928 and the spires in 2000 – Sydney

Sydney

Archibald Fountain / J. F. Archibald Memorial Fountain in Hyde Park – Sydney

Macquarie Lighthouse / South Head Upper Light

My tour guide (Craig, Alie and Cemeron – the latter getting excited by anything passing the car window 😊), took me for a ride of the peripheral neighbourhoods.  Like Manly, the areas are dotted with coves and creamy sandy beaches – more than I could count.  Without doubt, this whole area is for people who love the outdoors, no matter your fancy.  There’s a sense of communal order for the greater good; everything is clean and well maintained.  Not restrictive nor stifling.  More so a sense of appreciation for their surroundings and wishing to keep it that way.

Along our afternoon trip we passed the Macquarie Lighthouse.  This was the location of the very first lighthouse in Australia.  Along with that title is that of the longest serving lighthouse.  The first began operating on 30th November 1818.  With the current incarnation built in 1883, it still holds a commanding demeanour with a graceful illuminating elegance.

Sydney

Macquarie Lighthouse / South Head Upper Light – Sydney

Bondi Beach and Bondi Icebergs Pool

Ah yes, the famous Bondi Beach.  I don’t know what I was expecting, beaches have sea and sand; Bondi Beach has plenty of both hahaha!  Somehow the name to me is synonymous with surfing or the epicentre of Sydney surfer culture.  Bondi Beach is huge, and far from being a surfer only beach.  It might not be the epicentre of surfer culture; it could however be the epicentre of Sydney’s family beach.  We didn’t stay long, the water was on the chilly side too, so I didn’t go for a swim unfortunately.

Bondi Beach is cool, with the turquoise waters accentuated by the Bondi Icebergs Pools.  This place must be a blast during the summer months for everyone!  The water may have been a tad cold for me, it didn’t stop hundreds of others basking in the sun and swimming in the sea and pools.  Next time I’ll definitely take a dive in no matter the weather!  A random thought, even during the hotter days, Sydney wasn’t as humid as I thought it would be.  On the contrary, it wasn’t humid at all, definitely my preference.

Sydney

Bondi Beach and Bondi Icebergs Pool. What an idyllic location for a swimming pool, as picturesque as you can imagine – Sydney

Sydney

Bondi Beach, the water was a bit chilly for my liking but the water looks so inviting – Bondi Beach, Sydney

Manly Scenic Walkway

There are always free things to do no matter where you go.  I for one like to walk (not that I’ve said that hundreds of times 😊).  It slows things down, allowing me to see the world from a different perspective and often seeing things I would otherwise miss.  Manly Scenic Walkway is just such a place.  The full Manly Scenic Walkway is a 10km walk along the seaside (mostly) from Spit Bridge to Manly Wharf.  You don’t need to do the whole 10km, but if you do, I highly recommend taking water along, I didn’t pass any shops.  To say the route is scenic would be an injustice.  Along with the stunning views of Sydney in the distance, remote secluded beaches, coves and viewpoints there are many places of interest too.

Manly

Shell Cove at the start of Manly Scenic Walkway – Manly, Sydney

Manly

Manly Scenic Walkway – Manly, Sydney

Manly

Cave Shelter on the Manly Scenic Walkway – Manly, Sydney

Some of the key points of interest include an Indigenous Cave Shelter, Aboriginal Shell Midden, Grotto Point Lighthouse, Indigenous Stone Art, Dobroyd Head along with the countless beaches and bays.  Of the most interesting to me was the Indigenous Stone Art.  I tried my best to get photo’s that showed the engravings into the stone on the floor, except they came out terribly – can’t see or make out a thing!  They are out in the open, though cornered off to hinder people from walking on them.  Left out to the elements I can’t see them lasting much longer.  They need to be preserved, something needs to be done soon.  There are many engravings, however they are difficult to see with the naked eye.  Still, historical engravings/art should be preserved.

Manly

Manly Scenic Walkway – Manly, Sydney

Manly

Manly Scenic Walkway, just one of the many secluded little beaches along the way – Manly, Sydney

Manly

One of the dozens of lizards along the Manly Scenic Walkway. I don’t know what type of lizard it is, if you know let me know please – Manly, Sydney

My overall thoughts about Sydney

I’ve never had the urge to go to Australia.  Not out of any animosity, it has just never been an attraction to me.  I suppose I’m more drawn to archaeological sites that tickled my brain when I was young like Egypt, Machu Pichu (I’ll be writing about that soon), Petra etc. etc. Sydney without doubt reminded me very much of South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal and Cape Town).  I finally see and appreciate why so many South African’s have moved to Sydney and Australia as a whole.

After Sydney I headed off to Christchurch, New Zealand, to see my bother and sister-in-law.  Taking advantage of being in the far end of the globe, same hemisphere and quadrant I didn’t know when or if I would ever be in the “hood” again.  New Zealand is nowhere from anywhere, the chances are I’d be in the neighbourhood again were slim…of how life can surprise you!  As life does, it threw me a curve-ball, meaning I ended up back in New Zealand 9 month later!  Keeping that in mind I’m skipping New Zealand for now and jumping to the next destination, Peru!  Another of my dream destinations since I was a child, Machu Pichu to be precise.  So, I hope you enjoyed my brief stint in Sydney.  I guarantee Peru brought great ups and downs, adventure, shocks and excitement.

PS. I’ll be adding these pictures and those that didn’t make the blog onto my Batnomad Facebook page shortly – feel free to share if you like them

Manly

Taken along Dobroyd Head (I think) along the Manly Scenic Walkway – Manly, Sydney

Sydney – Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge

Gallery

Sydney was my next destination, so I’ll be covering the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge.  I was heading there not specifically to see the city.  Exploring Australia would take time I did not have (at least I thought so), nor the time it deserves.  Sydney wasn’t a random choice; my friend Craig and his wife Alie (Alison) had a baby girl the year before, Cameron.  Realistically, chances are high I may never be in the neighbourhood again, this gave me the opportunity to visit them.  Knowing many people throughout Australia from family, friends and ex-colleagues, I wouldn’t be able to see them all, which was a shame.  This happens every time I visit South Africa too; it’s impossible to see everyone during each visit.  Even so, I would try to see as many in Sydney as possible, though I’d be satisfied in just seeing and meeting Cameron.

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House, a buzz of activity

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge

My journey getting to Sydney

In my previous post on Hiroshima I alluded to an eventful journey to Sydney.  Following on from that, I nearly didn’t get there out of my own negligence and complacency!  Starting with me forgetting which airport I’d be flying to Sydney from!  The night before my flight I thought I was flying from Osaka to Sydney, wrong!  In fact, I would be flying from Osaka to Tokyo first, from there onward to Sydney, no big deal in that.  This additional flight from Osaka would be what saved my skin!

I’ll try my best to be as conscience with the turn of events.  Whichever way I explain what happened, I come out looking like a muppet!  Shinkansen’s run frequently between Kyoto and Osaka & Osaka Airport.  Once again, I used my trusty JR Pass which was met with distain by the ticket inspector at Osaka Airport Train station.  My ticket had expired!  To be precise, it expired two days ago.  I had bought a 7-day JR Pass, which meant its last valid day was when I went to Himeji Castle.  Thankfully the ticket inspector at Himeji Station wasn’t as vigilant.  The Osaka Ticket Inspector wasn’t happy at all.  Whilst I repeatedly apologised, he vigorously scrawled many times across my ticket with his red felt tip pen.  In no uncertain terms he ensured I or anyone else would now know the ticket had expired.  I wasn’t going to argue with him, I paid for my Kyoto to Osaka ticket (can’t remember the price) and walk on as the Ticket Inspector kept watch.  That was a taste of things to come.

I couldn’t check-in on line, however with loads of time on my hands and a long journey ahead I got to the airport early.  Thinking I’d check-in then chillout in one of the lounges.  Check-in, that’s really when the fun began.  All Nippon Airways (ANA) staff, you are saints!  Check-in was going smoothly, until the lady asked me “do you have a visa?”.  “I don’t need a visa, I’m on a British Passport” was my reply; thinking back now, my response must have come across as obtuse.   Yup, in my complacency I forgot to check if I needed a visa for Australia.  Which I did!  Here I was at the airport looking at best like a rookie traveller!

To summarise the events that followed:

  1. I needed to apply for an E-Visa – Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) online, this could take 24-48hrs
  2. My flight to Tokyo would stay as is. The next flight would have to be pushed back a day, or even two.
  3. The lady, now joined by her senior colleague, apologised that I may have to pay extra for this new flight. Apologised!?  It was my fault!
  4. Whilst standing at the check-in counter I was already online with my ETA application; a tedious pain when using a mobile/cellphone. The two ANA ladies were on the phone to get more information for me.
  5. About 20 minutes had passed, I was still on-line getting nowhere fast. After who knows how many calls, the two ladies had an update for me:
    1. There was a travel agent at Tokyo (Haneda) Airport who could assist with my visa. Catch was they closed at 19:30; my flight only landed in Tokyo at 19:30
    2. The two ladies had already started to book me on an earlier flight to Osaka
    3. They OK’ed it for me to take all my luggage as hand-luggage (reminded me of my flight from Da Nang airport!)
    4. Carefully explaining to me where I need to go when I got to Tokyo Airport. From the terminal I was landing in I had to make my way to another terminal.  One of the lady’s even drew me a map to ensure I knew where to find the travel agent.
    5. I dashed to my new flight which was about to leave, arriving as the last passenger. Seated on the plane, I was sweating with nerves and speedy heartbeat!
    6. Plane landed, hand-drawn map in hand, backpack strapped on..I was ready to start running!
    7. As I exited the plane an ANA representative was standing there, placard in hand with my name on it!? He seemed rather confused, telling me his job was to ensure I got onto the correct bus to take me to the other terminal.  He waited outside with me until the bus arrived (free terminal shuttle bus).  Repeatedly telling me to get off at the second stop and exactly how long it would take.
    8. My hand-drawn map was as accurate as Google Maps! I arrived at JAL ABC (the travel agent), filled in my form, paying about £50 if my memory serves me correct.  Well spent money considering the alternative of paying for another flight and accommodation!
    9. Time was ticking by. Needless to say, I was still anxious with no guarantees I would get my e-visa in time to catch check-in.
    10. Within less than and hour I had my visa! WOOHOO!! Having more than enough time on my hands I skipped over to the check-in counter

When I got to check-in the gentleman was somewhat aware of my situation.  I asked him to call his supervisor.  He was reluctant at first, enquiring if he had done anything wrong or if I had a complaint.  I insisted on speaking to the supervisor assuring him it was for no fault of his.  When the supervisor arrived, I commended the two ladies at Osaka Airport.  Thanking them for going far and beyond their duties and doing so with professionalism and a smile to match.  Caused by my own stupidity, if it were not for the two ladies it would have cost me, a lot!  Again, thank you ANA and the two ladies at Osaka Airport.  On a separate note, my only regret was not taking the names of the two ladies.  Everything at the time was such a rush nor was my brain functioning!  Yes, I did write an email to ANA’s customer service thanking them.

…back to Sydney

My second day in Sydney

Skipping my first day because the first was taking up with catching up with sleep caused by jetlag.  That, along with catching up with Craig, Alie and meeting Cameron, they live in Manly.  Getting to Manly from the airport covers quite a bit of the main sites.  Catching the train from the airport to Circular Quay, here you exit and arrive slap bang in the middle of Sydney.  With the Harbour Bridge on the left and Opera House on the right.  A 30 odd minute ferry ride from there takes you to Manly.  Riding from the ferry terminal to Manly is itself a lovely journey to take.  On my second day I would head back to the ferry terminal to explore the bridge and opera house.  I’ll take more about Manly in a later post.

Sydney

Sydney CBD viewed for the fery on the way to Manly Bay

History of the Sydney Opera House

Opened in October 1973, the process from “idea” to opening took 33 years!  Prior to the opera house, theatrical performances were held at the town hall.  However, Sir Eugene Goossens rallied for many year to have a purpose built venue to accommodate large performances.  From inception starting in 1940, Goossens finally obtain enough support by 1954.  Jørn’s design was chosen through an international competition starting in 1955, ending in 1957; 233 applications were submitted from 32 countries.  Construction commenced in 1959 to be completed in 1973.

Sydney Opera House

The architectural symmetry – Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House with Sydney Harbour Bridge

Exactly why it took so long to finish is a combination of stories.  As a start, the original design was for 2 theatres/halls, this was changed to 4 halls; Concert Hall, Opera Theatre (now called Joan Sutherland Theatre and an additional three stages now called Drama Theatre, the Playhouse and the Studio.  In addition, many other changes were made to Jørn’s design including cladding, paving, interior walls etc. etc…you get the idea.  All these changes boiled over in February 1966 with Jørn resigning.  Reading about the history and background, it seems there were a small minority who disagreed with how Jørn worked.  They went out of their way to make his life as difficult as possible which culminated in Jørn’s resignation out of frustration.

Sydney Opera House

The “Spanish Conquistador Helmet” roof tops of the Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Great shapes and angles – Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

No wonder the Sydney Opera House is famous, it is a visual spectacle.  A remarkable building which broke from architectural norms of the times…even today’s norms.  The parasol like roof tops with peaked rims reminded me of Spanish Conquistadors helmets.  That and at a distance the sails of an old Chinese merchant sailing ship.  Or that of an excited cockatoo’s head feathers.  Either way, it’s an interesting structure no matter what the imagination conjures up.  Comparatively in my opinion would be the architect Frank Gehry, who was only 11 years younger than Jørn Utzon (the opera house’s architect).   Maybe Gehry saw the Sydney Opera House and that inspired his designs.

Sydney Opera House

Don’t know why but I liked this picture – Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

The sun glimmering off the rooftops of the Sydney Opera House

I was wearing sunscreen, so hardly a cool autumn’s day.  Instead the sun glared down, with an occasional welcomed gentle cool breeze.  Some clouds scattered the sky, the breeze like a silk screen; fading the sapphire blue sky with a misty hue of gentle grey.  Arriving at the opera house I either had the sun blinding me from one side, the other side shadowed by the flared parasol roofs.  Ambling around the building you don’t need to be an architectural student to appreciate, it really is striking.  Sometimes architecture is different just for the sake of being different, almost showing off.  Whereas the Sydney Opera House is totally unique, still putting function before form.  Additionally, it still sets standards today in design, aesthetics and sure artistry 46 years after its doors opened.  No wonder it’s a landmark of Australia and architecture globally.  What a striking, elegant and timeless structure.

Sydney Opera House

Like tips of a predator bird the rooftops of Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

like a Japanese hand fan, the roof tops flare out reflecting against the sun – Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

It definitely has a resemblance to and old Chinese merchant sailing ship – Sydney Opera House with Fort Denison on the left

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Besides the Sydney Opera House, the Sydney Harbour Bridge is equally synonymous as Sydney’s signature landmark.  Towering above its surroundings, forming a backdrop no matter where you are in the city.  Walking along from the opera house, past the ferry terminal onwards to the bridge is a hustle of activity.  I’ve been to a few large central business districts in cities based next to the sea, Sydney however is different.  I know see why people rave about the place.  Property is very expensive, comparable to London, maybe a little more expensive if you can believe it!  I digress, back to the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

I was very keen to hike to the top of the bridge arch.  From there I can imagine what the views must be like.  Yes, I said “imagine”.  One disappointment I had with Sydney, the only might I say, was the price to climb to the top, AUS$179 per adult!  That’s ridiculous!  To put things into perspective, to visit Valley of the Kings would cost around AUS$8.4.  If you wanted to see Tutankhamun’s tomb too, it would cost an additional AUS$8.4.  That makes climbing up the bridge more than 10 x the price to visit the Valley of the Kings and the most famous tomb in the world!  Looking back, I sure the Sydney Harbour Bridge is the most expensive tourist site I’ve come across.  Out of principal I decided not to such a ridiculous amount to climb a bridge.  Instead I climbed up one of pylons.  Moving on, enough moaning 😊.

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge taken from the pylon at the top of the museum

 History of the Sydney Harbour Bridge

Inspiration for the bridge came from the Hell Gate Bridge in New Your City.  Like the Opera House (not as bad), building the Sydney Harbour Bridge was a long process; construction starting in July 1923 and its inauguration in March 1932.  It joins the CBD of Sydney with the North Shore in grandiose style.  Far from being as stylistic as the Opera House, the bridge is function over form, but still in great engineering style.  I lived in Newcastle for two years, another great city known for its bridges – these two bridges are not related.

From the ferry terminal or on the ferry it doesn’t look that big, but it is, it’s bloody big!  It’s chunky in all proportions.  Holding the world record for the widest long-span bridge until 2012 (Port Main Bridge in Vancouver).  Here are some of its statistics:

  • Total length – 1 149m
  • Width – 48.8m
  • Height – 134m
  • Pylons – 89m high
  • 6 million handmade rivets
  • 79% of steel was imported from England

Each end of the Sydney Harbour Bridge has two pylons, in essence these are for aesthetics purposes having no structural purpose.  They were used to create a more uniform look and in keeping with their Hell Gate Bridge inspiration.  These days the pylons are used, one is a small museum of the bridge (the pylon I climb to the top of.  Another is used as a centre for traffic control, two on the North side have ventilation for the Sydney Harbour Tunnel.  Views from the South-eastern Pylon (the Museum Pylon) are fantastic!  I was much happier viewing Sydney from the top of the pylon than paying for the views from the top of the arch.

Sydney

Sydney CBD taken from the top of the pylon of Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge from below

Without doubt the Sydney Harbour Bridge is well worth visiting.  And, if like me you don’t want to pay an arm and a leg to hike to the top, the “Museum Pylon” is certainly worth it.  Like I said, I was slowly beginning to like Sydney.  It has a beautiful setting, great architectural landmarks and a very positive vibe.  I know that’s not much for one day, even so I think I’ll leave things there.  Another four more days in Sydney awaited, and I was looking forward to them!

Sydney Opera House

There’s an art nouveau about the design – Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

It might be 46 years old but it’s still has a futuristic style – Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House

Fort Denison

Fort Denison in Sydney Harbour, built 1857

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge from below

Sydney Harbour Bridge

Sydney Harbour Bridge taken from the ferry